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Management of waste

Last update of indicator21.12.2023

Indicator definition

The indicator describes the trends in the management of the total waste generated (other waste, municipal waste, hazardous waste). The following management methods are being evaluated: material recovery (recycling), landfilling, incineration without energy recovery, incineration with energy recovery, other disposal, other recovery and other management.




Related policy documents and targets

Greener Slovakia, Strategy of the Environmental Policy of the Slovak Republic until 2030 (2019)

Goal 10: Towards the Circular Economy

  • By 2030, the municipal waste recycling rate, including its preparation for re-use, will be increased to 60% and by 2035, the land-filling rate will be reduced to less than 25%. Slovakia will use green public procurement at least in 70% of the total value of the public procurement. It will increase support for green innovation, science and research. Disposal of food waste for supermarkets will be prohibited.

Goal 10.1: Support of the Circular Economy
Goal 10.2: Gradual Increase of Fees for Waste Landfill


Waste Prevention Programme 2019 — 2025 (2019)
The main objective of the programme is to shift from material recovery as the only priority in the waste management of the Slovak Republic to waste prevention in accordance with the waste management hierarchy of the Slovak Republic.


Waste Management Programme of the Slovak Republic for 2021 — 2025 (2021)

The main objective of the waste management of the Slovak Republic until 2025 is to divert waste away from landfill disposal, especially for municipal waste.

It is necessary to continue to enforce waste management hierarchy with emphasis on waste prevention, preparation for re-use and recycling. The promotion of waste prevention, together with reuse and preparation for reuse, including through the implementation of the measures of the Waste Prevention Programme for 2019 — 2025, are an integral key part of the long-term efforts of the Slovak Republic to reduce the amount of waste generated on the territory of the Slovak Republic.

Key question

Is there an increase in waste recovery and a decrease in waste disposal?

Key messages

  • Waste recycling rates are on an increasing trend during the period under review, with an increase of almost 30 percentage points in 2022 compared to 2018. A significant increase of over 12 percentage points has been recorded year-on-year (2021 — 2022).
  • The landfilling rate is slightly decreasing over the period under review, with a decrease of 4 percentage points in 2022 compared to 2018. There has been a slight increase in landfilling year-on-year (2021-2022).
  • The rate of other disposal is declining over the period under review, with a decline of almost 50% in 2022 compared to 2018. Year-on-year (2021-2022), a significant decrease of over 10 percentage points has been recorded.


Change since 2011 Change since 2018 Last year-on-year change
  Neutralny trend
- Since 2018, there has been a significant increase in waste recycling rates. However, landfill rates remain relatively high. There has been a year-on-year increase in recycling rates as well as a relatively significant decrease in other disposal.


Summary assessment

Detailed assessment

Trend in waste management methods (%)
  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Material recovery (recycling) 27,6 28,78 36,53 44,95 57,2
Landfilling 24,81 23,09 17,752 20,3 20,78
Incineration without energy recovery 0,3 0,774 0,055 0,14 0,07
Other disposal 2,4 2,86 1,97 1,7 2,6
Incineration with energy recovery 4,2 3,568 4,64 5,1 3,08
Other recovery 11,3 7,27 2,21 1,58 0,78
Other disposal 29,35 33,66 36,843 26,23 15,49

Source: MoE SR


Ing. Juraj Vajcík, SAŽP,

Related definitions:

According to Act No. 79/2015 Coll. on Waste and on Amendments and Additions to Certain Acts:
Waste is a movable thing or substance which the holder disposes of, wants to dispose of or is obliged to dispose of in accordance with this Act or special regulations.

Waste is not
(a) a substance or movable thing which is a by-product,
(b) specific waste which has reached the end-of-waste status,
(c) waste which has undergone a process of preparation for re-use and meets the requirements for a product placed on the market laid down by a special regulation; or
(d) waste that has been handed over for household use.

Municipal waste is
(a) mixed waste and separately collected household waste, including paper and cardboard, glass, metals, plastics, bio-waste, wood, textiles, packaging, waste electrical and electronic equipment, used batteries and accumulators and bulky waste, including mattresses and furniture,
(b) mixed waste and separately collected waste from other sources, if such waste is similar in nature and composition to household waste.

Mixed waste is unsorted municipal waste or municipal waste after sorting of municipal waste components.
Hazardous waste is waste that has at least one hazardous characteristic listed in the Annex to a specific regulation. (Commission Regulation (EU) No 1357/2014 of 18 December 2014 replacing Annex III to Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on waste and repealing certain Directives)

Data sources:


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Related international indicators:

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