Preskočit na obsah
X Vážení návštevníci Enviroportálu,
20. 12. 2023 bola spustená nová verzia webového sídla, momentálne sa nachádzate na starej verzii. Na novú verziu budete automaticky presmerovaní. Ospravedlňujeme sa za prípadné nepríjemnosti a ďakujeme za trpezlivosť.
Tím Enviroportálu
Print   PDF

Generation of municipal waste

Last update of indicator21.12.2023

Indicator definition

The indicator describes the trend in the amount of municipal waste produced.


tons, kg/pers.


Related policy documents and targets

  • By 2030, the municipal waste recycling rate, including its preparation for re-use, will be increased to 60% and by 2035, the land-filling rate will be reduced to less than 25%. Slovakia will use green public procurement at least in 70% of the total value of the public procurement. It will increase support for green innovation, science and research. Disposal of food waste for supermarkets will be prohibited.
Goal 10.2: Gradual Increase of Fees for Waste Landfill
Goal 10.3: Introduction of Incentive for Waste Collection Depending on the Actual Quantity of Waste
Goal 10.5: Prevention of the Production of Biodegradable and Food Waste


Waste Prevention Programme 2019 — 2025 (2019)
The main objective of the programme is to shift from material recovery as the only priority in the waste management of the Slovak Republic to waste prevention in accordance with the waste management hierarchy of the Slovak Republic.


Waste Management Programme of the Slovak Republic for 2021 — 2025 (2021)

The main objective of the waste management of the Slovak Republic until 2025 is to divert waste away from landfill disposal, especially for municipal waste.

It is necessary to continue to enforce waste management hierarchy with emphasis on waste prevention, preparation for re-use and recycling. The promotion of waste prevention, together with reuse and preparation for reuse, including through the implementation of the measures of the Waste Prevention Programme for 2019 — 2025, are an integral key part of the long-term efforts of the Slovak Republic to reduce the amount of waste generated on the territory of the Slovak Republic.


Key question

Is the production of municipal waste decreasing?

Key messages

  • The amount of municipal waste generated is increasing over the period under review, with a 66.5% increase in 2022 compared to 2005. However, a decrease of 4% was recorded year-on-year (2021-2022). In 2022, 478 kg of municipal waste per capita was generated. In year-on-year comparison, 20 kg less municipal waste per capita was generated in 2022 than in 2021.
Change since 2005 Change since 2015 Last year-on-year change Progress in achieving of concrete defined objective
emo_sad emo_sad Pozitivny trend emo_sad
There has been a 66.7% increase in municipal waste generation since 2005. In the medium term, there has been a 37.5% increase in municipal waste generation. Municipal waste generation decreased by 4% year-on-year. The objective of waste prevention is not yet being met.


Summary assessment

Detailed assessment

Development of municipal waste generation (tonnes)

  2010 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Generation of municipal waste 1 808 506 1 888 456 1 953 478 2 136 952 2 325 178 2 369 725 2 596 725 2 705 327 2 597 457

Source: SO SR

International comparison

Slovakia is gradually catching up with the EU average in per capita municipal waste generation.


Ing. Juraj Vajcík, SAŽP,

Related definitions:

According to Act No. 79/2015 Coll. on Waste and on Amendments and Additions to Certain Acts:
Waste is a movable thing or substance which the holder disposes of, wants to dispose of or is obliged to dispose of in accordance with this Act or special regulations.

Waste is not
(a) a substance or movable thing which is a by-product,
(b) specific waste which has reached the end-of-waste status,
(c) waste which has undergone a process of preparation for re-use and meets the requirements for a product placed on the market laid down by a special regulation; or
(d) waste that has been handed over for household use.

Municipal waste is
(a) mixed waste and separately collected household waste, including paper and cardboard, glass, metals, plastics, bio-waste, wood, textiles, packaging, waste electrical and electronic equipment, used batteries and accumulators and bulky waste, including mattresses and furniture,
(b) mixed waste and separately collected waste from other sources, if such waste is similar in nature and composition to household waste.

Mixed waste is unsorted municipal waste or municipal waste after sorting of municipal waste components.
Hazardous waste is waste that has at least one hazardous characteristic listed in the Annex to a specific regulation. (Commission Regulation (EU) No 1357/2014 of 18 December 2014 replacing Annex III to Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on waste and repealing certain Directives)


The indicator is a key indicator for monitoring the development of waste management. It expresses the total amount of waste generated in the SR in the monitored period and were notified as required by the Act no. 223/2001 Coll. on Waste and on modification and amendment of certain laws (as amended). In accordance with the Annex no. 1 of MoE SR Decree no. 284/2001 Coll., establishing a Catalogue of wastes (as amended by Decree no. 409/2002 Coll. and Decree no. 129/2004 Coll.), this indicator includes all types of wastes (except of group 20 waste), broken down into categories other and hazardous waste and municipal waste (all types of group 20 waste) which are, due to their specificity, monitored as an individual group.
Monitoring the quantities of waste produced in Slovakia is given by the legal requirements, especially by the Act no. 223/2001 Coll. on Waste and Act no. 540/2001 Coll. on State Statistics (both laws as amended). The survey of data on waste is carried out by means of reports of producers and waste management facilities (according to MoE SR Decree no. 310/2013 Coll.), and under the survey of the Statistical Office of the SR for the area of ​​municipal waste (a form ŽP 6-01 - Annual report on municipal waste from municipality).
Classification of waste is realized based on the European Waste Catalogue, which is in the SR issued in the form of MoE SR Decree 284/2001 Coll. (as amended). A waste catalogue number is assigned to each waste and these codes are ranked based on the place of waste origin. Wastes are classified into twenty groups, each of which is divided into subgroups which include various types of waste. Each waste is given a catalogue number and category, which can be "O" - other (non-hazardous) waste or "N" - hazardous waste.
Up to 2013, the Slovak Environmental Agency as administrator of the Regional Information System on Waste (RISW) and the Statistical Office of SR for the area of municipal waste were the providers of data needed for the analysis of the generation and management of waste in the SR.

Data sources: