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Generation of waste

Last update of indicator20.10.2023

Indicator definition

The indicator describes the development of generated waste quantity in total and in proportion to the total GDP, generated in the economy broken down into hazardous and other wastes, and the development of the amount of generated municipal waste in total and in proportion per capita. Municipal waste is, due to its specificity, monitored as an individual group.  


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Related policy documents and targets

  • By 2030, the municipal waste recycling rate, including its preparation for re-use, will be increased to 60% and by 2035, the land-filling rate will be reduced to less than 25%. Slovakia will use green public procurement at least in 70% of the total value of the public procurement. It will increase support for green innovation, science and research. Disposal of food waste for supermarkets will be prohibited.
Goal 10.2: Gradual Increase of Fees for Waste Landfill
Goal 10.3: Introduction of Incentive for Waste Collection Depending on the Actual Quantity of Waste
Goal 10.5: Prevention of the Production of Biodegradable and Food Waste


Waste Prevention Programme 2019 — 2025 (2019)
The main objective of the programme is to shift from material recovery as the only priority in the waste management of the Slovak Republic to waste prevention in accordance with the waste management hierarchy of the Slovak Republic.


Waste Management Programme of the Slovak Republic for 2021 — 2025 (2021)

The main objective of the waste management of the Slovak Republic until 2025 is to divert waste away from landfill disposal, especially for municipal waste.

It is necessary to continue to enforce waste management hierarchy with emphasis on waste prevention, preparation for re-use and recycling. The promotion of waste prevention, together with reuse and preparation for reuse, including through the implementation of the measures of the Waste Prevention Programme for 2019 — 2025, are an integral key part of the long-term efforts of the Slovak Republic to reduce the amount of waste generated on the territory of the Slovak Republic.

Key question

Has the positive trend in the balance of generated waste occurred?

Key messages

  • The amount of waste generated (excluding MW) increased by 13% over the period 2005-2022. When comparing 2021 and 2022 year-on-year, an increase of approximately 6.5% was observed. From 2005 to 2022, the amount of hazardous waste generated decreased by 15.5%. Industrial production was the largest producer by SK NACE classification of activities throughout the time series, with a 25% share of total waste generated in 2022, excluding MW.

  • The amount of municipal waste is increasing over the period under review, with a 66.5% increase in 2022 compared to 2005. However, a decrease of 4% was recorded year-on-year (2021-2022). In 2022, 478 kg of municipal waste per capita was generated. In year-on-year comparison, 20 kg less municipal waste per capita was generated in 2022 than in 2021.


Change since 2005 Change since 2015 Last year-on-year change
emo_sad emo_sad Neutralny trend
Since 2005, there has been an increase in the total generation of all types of waste. In the mid-term, there has been an increase in total waste generation. There has been a year-on-year increase in the generation of other waste (non-hazardous waste).
However, a positive development is the year-on-year decrease in municipal waste production.


Summary assessment

Detailed assessment

Waste generation is an indicator that is closely related to the level of economic activity in a given country. It is also an indicator of the pattern of consumption of raw materials. Richer economies tend to produce more waste. In many developed countries, the reduction in the total volume of waste produced reflects changes in the consumption of raw material resources and an increase in recycling and reuse.

The comparison of waste production with the development of the economy as measured by GDP is also used to assess the development of waste generation. In this respect, it is considered positive if the growth trend of GDP is faster than the growth of waste generation.


International comparison


Ing. Juraj Vajcík, SAŽP,

Related definitions:

According to Act No. 79/2015 Coll. on Waste and on Amendments and Additions to Certain Acts:
Waste is a movable thing or substance which the holder disposes of, wants to dispose of or is obliged to dispose of in accordance with this Act or special regulations.

Waste is not
(a) a substance or movable thing which is a by-product,
(b) specific waste which has reached the end-of-waste status,
(c) waste which has undergone a process of preparation for re-use and meets the requirements for a product placed on the market laid down by a special regulation; or
(d) waste that has been handed over for household use.

Municipal waste is
(a) mixed waste and separately collected household waste, including paper and cardboard, glass, metals, plastics, bio-waste, wood, textiles, packaging, waste electrical and electronic equipment, used batteries and accumulators and bulky waste, including mattresses and furniture,
(b) mixed waste and separately collected waste from other sources, if such waste is similar in nature and composition to household waste.

Mixed waste is unsorted municipal waste or municipal waste after sorting of municipal waste components.
Hazardous waste is waste that has at least one hazardous characteristic listed in the Annex to a specific regulation. (Commission Regulation (EU) No 1357/2014 of 18 December 2014 replacing Annex III to Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on waste and repealing certain Directives)


The assessment of this indicator until 2015 was in accordance with Act No. 223/2001 Coll., which has now been replaced by Act No. 79/2015 Coll. on Waste and on Amendments and Additions to Certain Acts.

The indicator is a basic indicator for monitoring the development of waste management. It expresses the total amount of waste generated in the Slovak Republic in the reporting period and reported until 2015 according to the requirements of Act No 223/2001 Coll. on Waste and on Amendments and Additions to Certain Acts (as amended). In accordance with Annex 1 to Decree No /2015 of the Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic (until 2015 Annex 1 to Decree No 284/2001 Coll. of the Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic), which establishes the Waste Catalogue, this indicator includes all types of waste (with the exception of Group 20 waste) broken down into categories of other and hazardous waste and municipal waste (all types of Group 20 waste), which, due to their specificity, are monitored as a separate group.

The monitoring of the quantities of waste that are produced in the Slovak Republic is determined by legal requirements, in particular Act No. 79/2015 Coll. on Waste and Act No. 298/2010 Coll. on State Statistics. Waste data is collected through reporting by waste producers and waste management facilities (according to Decree No. 371/2015 Coll. of the Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic) and through surveys of the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic in the field of municipal waste (form RU 6-01 - Annual report on municipal waste from the municipality).

Individual wastes are assigned waste catalogue numbers, which are sorted on the basis of the place of generation (origin) of the waste. The wastes are classified into twenty groups, each of which is subdivided into subgroups containing the different types of waste. Each waste is assigned a catalogue number and a category, which may be 'O' for other (non-hazardous) waste or 'N' for hazardous waste.

The providers of the data necessary for the analysis of waste generation and management in the Slovak Republic are the Ministry of Environment of the Slovak Republic (until 2013 SEA) as the administrator of the Regional Information System on Waste (RISO) and for the municipal waste area the Statistical office of the Slovak Republic.

Data sources:


Related indicators:

Related international indicators:

Linked references: