Related policy documents and targets
Greener Slovakia – Strategy of the Environmental Policy of the Slovak Republic until 2030 (Envirostrategy 2030) (2019)
Slovakia will prevent the deterioration of protected species and habitats.
The assessment and appropriate completion of protected areas scheme as well as drafting, approval and implementation of documents will provide protection opportunities for all significant species and habitats in the SR.
2.1 Stopping the Loss of Biodiversity
- Conditions will be created for minimising of the negative impacts of anthropogenic activity, including the impact of climate change which are causing a loss of diversity of plant and animal species and a loss of biotopes, and the enforceability of laws related to nature protection will improve.
- The completion of the national part of the Natura 2000 network of protected areas and the systems of internationally important territories with appropriate protection, will further enhance the conditions for the protection of internationally and nationally important species and habitats and they will also increase the contribution of the Slovak Republic to halting the global loss of biodiversity.
- Until 2030, at a minimum, 15% of degraded ecosystems in Slovakia will be regenerated such as those above the timber-line, but especially salt marshes, wetlands, peatlands, alluvial forests that are significantly impacted by human activity.
- The protection of primeval forests and their habitat, as well as an appropriate management of their protection zones will be ensured.
- In cooperation with owners and land managers, via utilization of all available resources, the protection and restoration of forests, meadows and pastures that represent the highest biodiversity ecosystems and the creation of a groforestry systems will be supported.
- State institutions, in collaboration with academic institutions, expert organisations and nongovernmental organisations will regularly update the red lists of endangered species and biotopes and recommend measures for their saving.
- In the area of combating illegal hunting, poisoning, killing of animals, stealing and damaging plants and trafficking in endangered species, the cooperation of the relevant departments and organizations will be strengthened.
- Hunting and other activities will respect the needs of protected species and habitats.
- Hunting of decreasing, vulnerable and migratory species of protected animals will be carried out in accordance with the international obligations of the Slovak Republic.
3.2 Protection and Restoration of Landscape Elements on Agricultural Land
- By 2030, a gradual restoration of landscape elements will take place on agricultural land. Field groves, dense strips of the wooded area, solitary trees and other landscape elements serve both as a corridor, windbreak, anti-erosion measures, and at the same time, as an area with various protected plant species and animal shelters.
4.1 Sustainable Timber Harvesting
- Forest conservation programs will obligatorily contain conditions for the protection of species of animals, plants, fungi and their habitats relating to the protection of wooded land, for each individual part of woodland, where the compliance with the law on protection of nature and countryside is applicable.
The updated National Biodiversity Strategy up to 2020 (2014)
Area A: Nature protection
Objective A.1 To stop the deterioration of the status of all species and habitats, especially those covered by the EU legislation and achieve a significant and measurable improvement in their status.
Area C: Biodiversity Conservation in the state policy of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Objective C.4 By 2020, implement biodiversity promoting measures of the Common Agricultural Policy so as to measurably improve the conservation status of species and habitats.
Objective C.5 Within the implementation of caring for forests programs, to ensure the measurable improvement in the conservation status of those species and habitats that depend on sound forest environment or on which the forestry has a major impact, and ensure measurable improvement in the provision of ecosystem services in line with sustainable forest management compared to the reference scenario of the EU (2010).
Action plan for implementation of measures resulting from the updated National Biodiversity Strategy up to 2020 (2014)
Achieving the EU´s objective: up to 2020, to stop the deterioration of the status of all species and habitats, and achieve a significant and measurable improvement in their status so that (compared to the current assessment) by 100% more habitat assessments and by 50% more species assessments under the Habitats Directive would show improvement in the conservation status, and by 50% more species assessment within the Birds Directive would show a secure or improved status.
In order to achieve the target for birds, the conservation status of at least 64 species – in particular for those for which protected bird areas are declared – should be improved. Improvements were proposed for example for Black Stork, Great Bustard, Field Hyrax, Western Capercaillie, birds of prey and wetland habitat species.
Measure A.1.1 Consistently implement the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive, adopted resolutions and decisions of international conventions, organizations and programs and improved national legislation in order to strengthen the protection of species and habitats and also link the network of protected areas on a scientific basis
3. To monitor the species and habitats of European importance
4. To ensure the development and update of red lists of endangered species of Slovakia and selected regions
8. To improve nesting possibilities of selected and also other bird species in the Special protection areas (SPAs) and in urban habitats, and ensure the mapping and protection of feeding habitats of criteria species of birds in SPA
9. To eliminate the death of birds on power lines and bats and birds when insulating buildings.
Measure C.4.3 Identify species and habitats dependent of specific farming methods and develop and implement specific measures with the support of European Funds to improve their conservation status.
107. Implement the Rural Development Program (RDP) scheme „conservation of permanent grassland habitats“, „European Ground Squirrel conservation“ and „Great Bustard conservation“ within „agri-environment-climate measure“.