Last update of indicator 09.12.2021
The indicator describes the number transported persons and performance of individual means of personal transport, including individual and public transport.
Strategic Plan for the Development of Transport Infrastructure of the Slovak Republic up to 2020
3.8. Visions and objectives in public and passenger transport defined as:
Vision VD1 Sustainable regional and urban mobility with a higher share of public passenger transport and non-motorized transport in the modal split
Vision VD2 Accessible, reliable and user-friendly public passenger transport and sufficient information
Vision VD3 Infrastructure enabling the operation of quality integrated public passenger transport and non-motorized transport
The implementation of the VD1, VD2 a VD3 visions will be achieved through the fulfilment of target and specific goals, including:
Strategic goal SD1 Ensuring legislative, technical, strategic, budgetary and organizational conditions for the promotion of public passenger transport and non-motorized transport
Strategic goal SD2 providing an attractive public transport offer, including quality and accessible traffic information
Strategic goal SD3 Improving the quality of rolling stock and public and non-motorized transport infrastructure
|Change since 2005||Change since 2015||Last year-on-year change|
Most persons were transported in 2005 and after this year the development in the number of persons transported has a decreasing character. Since 2010, transport performance has increased with a significant increase in 2015.
The number of transported persons gradually increased with slight year-on-year fluctuations. Transport performance had an increasing trend.
|In connection with the COVID-19 disease, there was a decrease in the number of transported persons and transport performance. Since 2020, data for individual transport are not monitored.|
The 2020 coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) had a major impact on all sectors of the national economy and also significantly affected developments in the transport sector, with passenger transport more affected than freight transport. The measures implemented by the government during the first and second waves (the so-called lockdowns) achieved a reduction in the mobility of the population, which was reflected in a decrease in the performance of all modes of passenger transport. The closure of the economy and the decline in production and demand for goods have also caused a reduction in freight traffic.
There is a long-term decrease in the number of persons transported by public road transport, as well as a decrease in the overall performance of this mode of transport.
The development in passenger transport by public road transport since 2005 has been showing a long-term year-on-year decrease. In 2020, passenger transport in road transport decreased by 34.56 % year-on-year, which represents a 65.2% decrease compared to 2005. Rail passenger transport recorded minimal year-on-year increases and decreases. In 2020, there was a year-on-year decrease of 39.1% and reched the level of year 2005. Increases in rail passenger transport were also recorded in 2014, partially due to attempts to make rail transport more attractive for pensioners and students by allowing them to travel for free, which in 2020 were canceled.
The number of passengers transported by water transport in 2020 significant decreased by 70.8% compared to 2019 and 71.7% by the year 2005. In the period under review (2005-2020), the number of passengers transported by air passenger transport decreased (from 1,716 thousand in 2005 to 39 thousand in 2020). The highest number of passengers transported via air transport was recorded in 2008. After this year, the number of passengers carried decreased due to the economic crisis and the collapse of airlines.
In addition to public transport, individual car transport is also used in meeting transport requirements, which demonstrated in year-on-year increases. In the 2005 - 2019 period, the increase in passenger transport by individual transport was 10.5%.
Data for individual car transport have not been monitored since 2020.