Principles of the State Land Policy (2001)
The Slovak Government declares that the land of the Slovak Republic is the common wealth of the citizens of the state and the heritage of future generations. It is an essential and non-renewable resource, and it forms an integral part of Earth's ecosystems. It remains a basic environmental, ecological, economic and social potential of Slovakia, and must therefore be carefully protected from damage and unjustified reduction of its area and volume.
Rural Development Programme of SR 2014 - 2020 (2014)
Objective: Sustainable management of natural resources and adaptation to climate changes
Priority 4: Restoring, preserving and enhancing the ecosystems that are related to agriculture and forestry
13. Ensuring the protection of land from degradation
14: Preservation of agriculture in less favourable areas and efficient use of SR land resources
Strategy of adaptation of SR to the adverse impacts of climate change - update (2018)
Adaptation measures in the native environment:
- Utilising soil-protecting technologies of farming.
- Soil-protecting minimising technologies.
- Organic agricultural systems and application of organic fertilisers.
- Support of increase of animal production whose deficit is detrimental to organic matter in soil.
- Application of organic fertilisers in accordance with the law.
- Support of integrated production and ecological agriculture measures.
- Methods of the so-called conservation agriculture (leaving of a large amount of plant leftovers on the soil surface or maintaining a permanent plant cover by long-term crops).
Adaptation measures in the domain of agriculture.
Eco-friendly growing technologies.
Utilisation of resistant strains and utilisation of certified reproductive material.
Support of biological protection and integrated production.
Support of diversity of crops and securing of sustainable production and implementing of integrated management of pest control.
Decreasing of utilisation of chemicals in agriculture.
Support of utilisation of old regional varieties (e.g. old fruit tree varieties) locally better adapted in regards to development of landscape elements utilising non-forest tree vegetation.
Support of breeding and creating of seeds which will be suitable for changed climatic conditions.
Securing of Slovak-bred varieties - support of Slovak breeding and subsequent creating of native varieties adaptable to our climatic conditions (thermophilic and drought resistant) which will guarantee the achievement of more stable harvests.
Implementation of integrated methods of pest control in agriculture.
Ecological agricultural production will be covering at least 13.5% of soil by 2030.
Especially on large agricultural areas there will be an expectation of thorough crop rotation depending on their requirements for nutrition, irrigation and root zone depth.
Crop diversification will prevent soil nutrition loss, its drying, and it will serve as pest control.
Traditional local varieties which can better adapt to the local climate conditions will be preserved and protected.
A stricter control of sale and use of artificial compounds in agriculture will be implemented.
There will be a decrease in the use of pesticides in agriculture and its continual decrease will be ensured. Such decisions will be based on expert analyses which will be consulted with concerned parties.
In areas vulnerable to nitrates there will be a stricter control of following of the action programme for the given areas and there will be a support measures for increasing organic matter in soil.
In terms of sustainable soil management there will be an increased use of fertilisation of processed and environmentally clean sewage sludge.
Objective of the Integrated Development Program I.
Population growth and qualitative development, with special emphasis on education, health, culture, the development of civil society and the rule of law, and the conservation and sustainable management and development of natural resources.
I.5 Ensure effective and sustainable management of natural resources
Ensure the protection, restoration and improvement of natural resources, including ensuring the stability and health of ecosystems and their services and mainstreaming adaptation and mitigation measures to the adverse effects of climate change into all departmental strategic documents and municipal and regional development documents as an overriding public interest (e.g. in transport planning, energy, spatial planning, water management, agriculture, forestry, sustainable tourism, overall landscape care, etc.).
Define the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases and pollutants into the environment and the avoidance of degradation of strategic natural resources (water, forests and soil) as a public interest.
Reduce the acidification of agricultural soils by ameliorative liming or promote basic agrochemical and agrotechnical measures to improve overall soil quality parameters with a view to better utilisation of nutrients from fertilisers.
Increase the area of land with organic farming to 16%, an ambitious increase compared to the current long-standing level (10%), thus moving closer to the ambitions set out in the EU strategies.
Action plan for the implementation of the Slovak Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (2021)
To increase Slovakia's preparedness for the adverse effects of climate change through the implementation of cross-cutting and specific adaptation measures and tasks.
Specific objective 2 - Sustainable agriculture:
Increase the adaptive capacity of agricultural landscape management by applying measures aimed at protecting soil, natural resources and promoting the biodiversity of agricultural landscapes and promoting sustainable crop and livestock production.
- Support for soil protection measures
- Adaptation of crop production to changed climatic conditions
- Adaptation of livestock production to changed climatic conditions