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Share of taxes with environmental aspects in GDP and in total tax revenues

Last update of indicator 06.04.2017

Indicator definition

The indicator describes the share of taxes with environmental aspects in GDP and the share of taxes with environmental aspects in total tax revenues.

Units

%

Metadata

Key messages

Tax is defined as obligatory, legally determined and typically period payment made by natural and legal persons to the State at determined value and time. It is collected by the State or by other public entities. Tax with environmental aspects is a tax with the tax base formed by physical unit (or physical unit substitute) of something that has a negative impact on the environment. According to Eurostat, taxes taxes with environmental aspects comprise taxes from energy products, taxes from transport and taxes from pollution (of sources). In Slovakia, taxes from pollution (of sources) have been substituted by fees imposed for pollution (of sources).

Progress toward green growth can be evaluated on the basis of trends in tax composition. The sums of environment taxes might, for example, put pressure of polluters to implement measures to reduce contamination since this would be economically more beneficial for them (in the long terms) than to pay taxes.

The share of taxes with environmental aspects on GDP in the Slovak Republic is declining and in 2015 reached 1.77%. The share of taxes with environmental aspects on total tax revenues in the Slovak Republic is declining and in 2015 reached 5.5%. The largest share on taxes with environmental aspects on GDP is energy tax, which in 2015 contributed 1.5%. The Slovak Republic is among the EU countries with the lowest share of taxes with environmental taxes on GDP.


 

Summary assessment

International comparison

The OECD Green Growth database contains selected indicators for monitoring progress towards green growth to support policy making and inform the public at large. The database provides a synthesis of data and indicators available across a wide range of domains. The sources of the underlying data used to populate the Green Growth Indicators, as presented here, include a range of OECD databases and, in some cases, external data sources. The database covers OECD member countries, accession countries and selected non-OECD countries (including the BRIICS economies - Brazil, Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa).

OECD Green Growth Indicators Database

Contact

Ing. Juraj Vall, SAŽP, juraj.vall@sazp.sk

Methodology:

Selection and methodology of indicator’s assessment is based on the set of indicators proposed by the OECD and addressed by the report: "Green Growth: Monitoring progress towards green growth“. Data relating to the national situation are usually presented in the period between 2000 and 2012. Basic time sequence is changed in those cases when the data are not accessible or when their comparison is not possible due to differing approaches in their collection, assessment, changes in methodology, classification, etc. 

Summary assessment of indicator’s trend from the green growth perspective is based on a subjective evaluation of the responsible assessor due to the fact that the strategy is not officially implemented in the Slovak Republic and therefore specific objectives have not been defined.  Naturally, this assessment builds on the analysis of the past trends, as well as their anticipated direction in view of the measures adopted as to date.

Selected indicators characterize Slovakia's initial position as seen from the perspective of the green growth and were to be used as a measuring tool before further steps are taken in the process of implementation of this strategy and for a complex assessment of the future trend of the Slovak economy.  Present set of green growth indicators comprises 32 individual indicators that are relevant in Slovakia's conditions. Four of them are national indicators that describe voluntary instruments of the environmental strategy. 
 

Data sources:

Data used in this document come from the official national or international sources and databases.  Assessed trend was reviewed and discussed with the state administration specialists (individual departments of the ministries of Environment, Economy, Labour and Social Affairs and Family, Finance, Agriculture and Rural Development) and their professional organisations (Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, State Geological Institute of Dionýz Štúr, Slovak Environmnet Agency, State Nature Consservancy, Institute for Financial Policy) and also the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic whose databases furnish most of the information.

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