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What is EIA?

The assessment of impacts on the environment (Environmental Impact Assessment – EIA) is one of the main environmental policy instruments for the implementation of sustainable development. Its purpose is to prevent the negative impacts of various human activities on the environment, including health. This is done by means of a comprehensive and professional assessment of proposed activity or its change expected impacts on the environment before deciding on its location, or prior to its authorization under special regulations.

The proposed activity or modification of the proposed activity (hereinafter the "proposed activity or its modification/change") is the realization of buildings, other facilities, an implementation plan or other intervention in the natural environment or to the country, changing the location´s physical aspects, including mineral resource extraction,

What is the EIA legal framework in the Slovak Republic?

In the Slovak Republic the assessment has been performed since 1994, when the NC SR Act no. 127/1994 Coll. on Environmental Impact Assessment came into force. That one was replaced on February 1, 2006 by:

  • the Act no.  24/2006 Coll. on Environmental Impact Assessment as amended, (the Act) and
  • the Decree of Ministry of Environment SR no. 113/2006 Coll., establishing the details on professional competence for the purposes of environmental impact assessment, they form the current legal framework of EIA in Slovakia.

EIA Act has been amended several times; the last amendment has been effective from January 1, 2015.
The Slovak legislation on EIA ensures full compatibility with the EU law and with the international conventions by which the Slovak Republic is bound. The adoption of the Act and its amendments on environmental impact assessment and its implementation is also an essential condition for funding the projects from the European Union.